What Do You Know About the Treaty of Versailles?

By: Tasha Moore

What Do You Know About the Treaty of Versailles?
Image: Wiki Commons by William Orpen

About This Quiz

The Treaty of Versailles signaled the end of the World War I. If you already know that pivotal fact, go on to prove that you know all the intriguing details behind one of the most controversial peace treaties in the history of the world. Our history challenge answers the what, where and why of the Versailles Treaty all in one cool quiz.

There are pertinent facts you'll need to prepare you for your info journey. Know that some political historians have cited the 1919 Versailles Treaty as an example of poor international diplomacy. We explain the all shocking reasons why inside this quiz. Architects of the final treaty document deliberately put full pressure on Germany to pay for all that went awry because of World War I, the bloodiest war ever. U.S. President Woodrow Wilson devised the peace treaty in his Fourteen Points plan, which he fashioned as an instrument for world peace. Many provisions from Wilson's plan were drafted into the Versailles Treaty, but there was one major difference between the two world peace schemes. Wilson never intended to go so hard on Germany, which was one of four Central Powers that the Allied Powers—the United States, Britain, France and Russia—defeated. As the major player of the Central Powers, Germany was made to pay for everything.

Witness the devastating deal Germany was served as a result of the Versailles Treaty. Scroll on, history awaits you!

WW1 biplane The Treaty of Versailles marked the end of which major conflict?
World War II
Korean War
Vietnam War
World War I
World War I, also known as the Great War, left three destroyed empires in its wake. Through the Treaty of Versailles, Allied nations rearranged territories of the major principality left standing among the vanquished, Germany.

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Palace of Versailles Where was the Treaty of Versailles signed?
Palace of Versailles
The Palace of Versailles in Paris is the former residence of Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI. Marie Antoinette, an Austrian, moved to the 700-room French palace at the age of 17 to become queen. Angry mobs of French citizens stormed the palace during the French Revolution.
Empire State Building
The University of Chicago
Radio City Music Hall

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World map Can you name the country that was forced to agree to pay war reparations at the end of World War I?
Italy
Britain
China
Germany
At the end of World War I, victorious Allies imposed punitive war reparations on defeated Germany. Severe penalties that Germany incurred as a result of the Treaty of Versailles triggered circumstances that led to World War II.

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Flag of the United Nations What failed group was the predecessor to the United Nations?
World Health Organization
UNESCO
League of Nations
The League of Nations was formed after World War I to help ensure that countries would defend each other against aggression. Though U.S. President Woodrow Wilson was a key framer of the Treaty of Versailles, the United States never joined the League of Nations.
World Trade Organization

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Evening News Choose the date that the treaty was signed.
May 20, 1917
June 28, 1919
Fighting during World War I ended on Nov. 11, 1918. Signed on June 28, 1919, the Treaty of Versailles was the official end the war, which is renowned for being one of the deadliest wars in history. Historic military tactics failed utterly in the face of modern technology like the machine gun, grenade and poison gas.
July 13, 1912
October 5, 1912

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German soldiers march in Paris Although Germany conceded to treaty terms and agreed not to invade France again, when did Germany renege on the invasion stipulation after the 1919 treaty?
Feb. 8, 1912
July 10, 1952
June 22, 1940
In 1940, Germany invaded France for the fifth time since 1814, before the two countries signed an armistice. Germany's Adolf Hitler insisted that the signing be held in the same railroad dining car in the Compiegne Forest, where Germany was made to sign the armistice that ended World War I.
Oct. 30, 1969

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Hitler during a meeting It is widely believed that harsh sanctions imposed on Germany as specified in the Treaty of Versailles led to the rise of which controversial German leader?
Adolf Hitler
The Versailles Treaty imposed many harsh restrictions and penalties on Germany, including payment of war reparations. Ultimately, Germany withdrew from the League of Nations, as did its future World War II ally Italy. The League eventually disbanded when it could not prevent Hitler's rise.
Joseph Stalin
Martin Luther
Angela Merkel

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Adolf Hitler addressing the Reichstag Who said: "Support me, and I will right the wrongs of the Versailles Treaty"?
Adolf Hitler
Former corporal of the German Army, Adolf Hitler, campaigned vigorously against the stipulations that the Treaty of Versailles imposed on Germany. Hitler's continuous protest among Germans, who were angered by the treaty, led to his success.
Shinzo Abe
Zhu Yihai
Benito Mussolini

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US political leaders at arms conference What Senate committee did Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge head?
Forestry and Natural Resources
Energy and Water Development
Financial Institutions and Consumer Protection
Foreign Relations Committee
Though Lodge was chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, President Woodrow Wilson, a Democrat, did not include the Republican in the U.S. delegation at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference. A Republican-controlled Senate further hindered Wilson's chances of ratifying the Versailles Treaty.

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Wilsons Fourteen Points - European Baby Show Name the peace policy in which U.S. President Woodrow Wilson crafted key concepts of the Versailles Treaty.
Fourteen Points
President Woodrow Wilson sought to end the prevalence of war through his Fourteen Points peace policy. Wilson's policy was a collection of terms that might prevent unchecked global aggression.
Twelve Concepts
One World Plan
Versailles Eleven

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Demonstration against the treaty in front of the Reichstag On which date did the terms of the Versailles Treaty go into effect?
March 10, 1921
June 2, 1925
June 10, 1920
There'd been concern that the German National Assembly wouldn't ratify the 1919 Treaty of Versailles, considering that there existed powerful German statesmen who staunchly opposed its terms. General enmity among German leaders and citizens did not dissipate, but festered during the interwar period.
Aug. 16, 1945

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Georges Clemenceau What head of state represented France at the Paris Peace Conference in early 1919?
Georges Clemenceau
Georges Clemenceau, premier of France, David Lloyd George, prime minister of Great Britain, and U.S. President Woodrow Wilson dominated the conference of 1919. The Versailles Treaty that resulted was the first of five Paris peace treaties that reshaped the world after the Great War.
Napoleon Bonaparte
Philippe Petain
Charles Martel

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British Air Section at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference At the 1919 Versailles Conference, which nation, besides France, sought to impose harsh penalties on Germany?
Britain
President Woodrow Wilson's calls for mercy on behalf of Germany at the peace talks were no match for the diplomatic "hawks" in the room. Both Britain's Lloyd George and France's Georges Clemenceau pushed for the harshest stipulations possible.
Japan
United States
Switzerland

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Flag of Yugoslavia The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes eventually became ________.
Yugoslavia
Versailles Conference members did not establish Yugoslavia or the first version of the entity, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. Montenegro—a Balkan state that had recently won independence—strongly objected to new Yugoslavia.
Dominican Republic
Belgium
Paraguay

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Central Powers Poster 3 Of all four Central Powers nations, how much blame for World War I did the Versailles Treaty assign Germany?
25%
0%
100%
Though Germany was among other Central Powers nations, the Treaty of Versailles considered the major nation to be solely responsible for the First World War. The treaty aimed to cripple Germany militarily.
15%

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Symbol of the League of Nations Identify at least one provision of the Versailles Treaty.
Hitler arrest
League of Nations
Formation of the League of Nations was a term included in the treaty. The League's single global mission was to end major conflicts among its members swiftly and with as little bloodshed as possible. The treaty was engineered to be the formal end to World War I and the beginning of world peace.
Japan surrender
India surrender

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Balkan Wars Which of the following was one of the major triggers of World War I?
China agression
England imperialism
Pearl Harbor
Balkan disputes
The struggle over a single Slavic principality was unanimously resolved at the end of the First World War. However, Western Versailles Conference members formally recognized the formation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes as a remedy.

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President Woodrow Wilson asking Congress to declare war on Germany When did the United States ratify the Treaty of Versailles?
June 6, 1918
The United States never approved the treaty.
The United States never ratified the Treaty of Versailles, and therefore didn't join the League of Nations. A major issue among U.S. senators was the stipulation that the League, and not Congress, have the power to send U.S. troops to quell international conflicts.
June 28, 1920
Nov. 2, 1916

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Henry Cabot Lodge Who led the "Reservationists'" crusade regarding U.S. approval of the Versailles Treaty?
Sen. Doug Jones
Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge
Most Democrats supported the Versailles Treaty, while Republicans were split. Sen. Lodge led the "Reservationists" among Republicans who desired the treaty's approval only if certain changes were adopted.
Sen. Robert A. Taft
Sen. Robert Kennedy

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President Wilson Delivering Historic War Message We'll be impressed if you know the date when President Woodrow Wilson presented the Treaty of Versailles to the U.S. Senate.
Feb. 1, 1987
April 4, 1918
June 10, 1919
President Woodrow Wilson's presentation was the first time since 1789 that a U.S. president delivered a treaty to the Senate for ratification in person. Republican members of Congress were reluctant to surrender the power of the legislative body to the will of the League of Nations.
Jan. 29, 1817

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Rhineland Map Which of these is a territory that Germany was forced to forfeit in the Versailles treaty?
Visby
Lund
Odense
Rhineland
Germany was forced to give up Rhineland, which was a demilitarized zone that the League of Nations supervised. Germany also gave up the Danzig Corridor, including the bustling port city of Danzig.

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Americana Wilson Woodrow War Cabinet Which world leader conceived the League of Nations concept?
Georges Clemenceau
Woodrow Wilson
At the end of the bloodiest battle in human history, U.S. President Woodrow Wilson eagerly sought a peaceful resolution. To prevent such barbarity from happening in the future, his League would solve issues through "cooperative diplomacy."
Charles Darwin
Winston Churchill

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Treaty of Versailles Do you know when the final version of the treaty was completed?
June 1914
January 1910
November 1925
May 1919
The final version of the Treaty of Versailles included the controversial Article 231, better known as the "war guilt clause." Germany was compelled to accept responsibility, ethical and financial, for World War I, or continue fighting.

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Flag of Weimar Republic What was postwar Germany's official title?
Federal Republic of Germany
Czech Republic
Weimar Republic
Germany signed the Treaty of Versailles under the Weimar Republic, which made the governing body hugely unpopular among Germans who vehemently opposed the treaty's harsh provisions that devastated the nation's economy. Hitler's Nazi Party dissolved Weimar to institute the Third Reich in 1933.
Roman Empire

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German WW1 Soldiers From 1814 to the end of World War I, how many times had Germany invaded France?
Seven
Twelve
Four
Through the Treaty of Versailles, France sought to set in place strict punishments on neighboring Germany to safeguard its shared border. Annexed in 1870, the region of Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France as stipulated by the treaty.
Sixty-one

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The Gap in the Bridge Do you know the nation that was not a member of the League of Nations?
Ecuador
South Africa
France
United States
United States senators who opposed the Versailles Treaty opposed President Woodrow Wilson's concept of "collective security." According to Wilson's plans for the League of Nations, member nations would lend military arsenals and troops in a joint effort if diplomacy ever failed.

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Henry Cabot Lodge and group outside White House Identify the group of United States lawmakers who rejected the Treaty of Versailles outright.
What-Nots
Rejectables
Irreconcilables
"Irreconcilables" did not want the treaty at all. Sen. Henry Lodge, leader of the "Reservationists," sent 14 reservations with the treaty to the Senate floor. Democrats, who had supported the treaty as delivered, rejected Lodge's scheme by siding with the Irreconcilables in a vote of 39 to 55.
Bulls Eyes

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Former eastern territories of Germany How much land was Germany required to forfeit as specified by the Versailles Treaty?
56,547 square miles
13,548 square miles
4,587 square miles
27,027 square miles
Germany returned approximately 27,027 square miles that it had acquired by the end of World War I. As a result, the German Empire shrank roughly 10%. Germany handed Prussia over to Poland, giving the country vital access to the Baltic Sea.

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Central Powers Poster 2 What was the name of the World War I syndicate that the Allies defeated?
Axis Powers
Western Front
Eastern Front
Central Powers
Members of the defeated Central Powers were Germany, the Ottoman Empire, Italy and Austria-Hungary. The Versailles Treaty recognized that Germany was the most powerful among the syndicate and penalized the nation accordingly. (The Axis Powers were the WWII group led by Germany.)

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Frelinghuysen Estate marker Tell us the name of the piece of U.S. legislation that ended the conflict between the United States and the Central Powers.
Mann-Elkins Resolution
Payne-Aldrich Resolution
Knox-Porter Resolution
The Knox-Porter Resolution did for the United States what the Treaty of Versailles could not, in that it officially brought closure to World War I for the nation. President Warren G. Harding, Woodrow Wilson's Republican successor, signed the resolution into law on July 2, 1921.
Sherman-Frye Act

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Samoa Flag Which of these is a former colony of Germany?
Kuril Islands
Honshu
Moloka'i
Samoa
Under Versailles Treaty provisions, Germany's colonies were redistributed. New Zealand took Samoa, Australia secured New Guinea, Britain seized Togoland and Tanganyika, Belgium won Ruanda-Urundi and France controlled Cameroon.

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International Labour Organization flag Choose the international group that the Treaty of Versailles set up.
World Bank
International Labour Organization
The International Labour Organization was established to fashion a widespread standard of global rights that included reasonable work conditions and basic protection for all people. The group has been a United Nations agency since the dissolution of the League of Nations.
Food and Culture Organization
Amnesty International

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President Wilson, with top hat and speech in hand How long was Woodrow Wilson's presentation to the U.S. Senate regarding ratification of the Versailles Treaty?
2 minutes
2 hours
17 minutes
40 minutes
After he struggled to deliver his speech, President Wilson, who had just returned from representing the U.S. at the Paris Peace Conference, turned to Republicans and said, "It has come about by no plan of our conceiving ... We cannot turn back." Wilson's plea garnered faint applause.

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German WW1 Soldiers Which is the amount of money Germany was required to pay in war reparations?
$16 million
$8 million
$30 billion
In addition to land forfeitures, Germany was required to pay out approximately $30 billion in war reparations. The treaty also required Germany to reduce its army to 100,000 soldiers, and production of military weaponry was prohibited.
$22 billion

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Monument of the May Fourth Movement Territorial provisions of the Treaty of Versailles led to a number of major international events, including ________.
Greco-Persian Wars
Pax Romana
May Fourth Movement
China's May Fourth university protest triggered the anti-imperialist Chinese Communist Party. During the protest, Chinese citizens reacted to the Allies denying the country land grabs and spoils of World War I although China was on the winning side.
Korean Partition

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