The Ultimate Penguin Quiz

Staff

Image: refer to hsw

About This Quiz

Penguins are creatures you see in the zoo or in nature movies, unless you happen to have been part of an expedition to the North Pole. Take this quiz to learn a little more about these flightless birds.

How many species of penguins are there?

There are 17 species of penguins.

How different are the various species?

They differ in size and the markings on heads and necks, but otherwise are similar in appearance.

What is the smallest penguin?

The little blue penguin is the smallest, reaching a height of 12 inches (30 cm).

How tall is the largest penguin?

The largest penguin reaches 39 inches (1 m).

How did the jackass penguin get its name?

It received that name because of its loud braying call.

What is special about the rockhopper penguin?

Since they nest about 500 feet (150 meters) above sea level, they have to hop up steep rocky slopes.

Why are these nests located above sea level?

These nests are located high above sea level to keep them safe from predator leopard seals, which are not good climbers.

What are distinguishing features of rockhoppers?

The rockhopper has a bright orange-red bill, a yellow crest and red eyes.

Where are the Galápagos penguin to be found?

They are found in the Galápagos Islands, on the Equator.

Why is this species endangered?

Human encroachment on its food supply and hunting grounds endangers these penguins

How do penguins often move across ice?

They often throw themselves on their stomachs and glide across the ice.

How do penguins swim in the water?

They use their flipperlike wings to swim while guiding themselves with their feet.

At what speed can some penguins swim?

Some can swim at more than 20 miles per hour (32km/h).

To what depths can an emperor penguin dive?

The emperor penguin dives to more than 1,700 feet (518 m).

When do penguins eat?

They eat only when they are at sea and their diet consists of fish, squid and shrimps.

Which penguin usually incubates the eggs?

The male and female usually take turns incubating.

What does an incubating penguin eat?

The incubating penguin does not eat.

What makes the emperor penguin's breeding habits unique?

A few hours after she lays it, the female turns the egg over to the male, who incubates it for a two-month period.

How does the emperor penguin incubate its egg in the Antarctic?

It doesn't build a nest, but incubates the egg by carrying it on its foot, protected by a fold of skin.

Can a penguin breathe underwater?

Penguins have lungs and lack gills, which means they need to surface to breathe.

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